Tinkering TI MSP430F5529

ADC12 Interrupt

ADC interrupt is as important as timer and communication interrupts. We can do other tasks while ADC is performing a conversion.

Code Example

#include "driverlib.h"
#include "delay.h"
#include "lcd.h"
#include "lcd_print.h"

unsigned long cnt = 0;

void clock_init(void);
void GPIO_init(void);
void ADC12_init(void);

#pragma vector = ADC12_VECTOR
__interrupt void ADC12ISR (void)
{
    switch (__even_in_range(ADC12IV, 34))
    {
        case  0: break;   //Vector  0:  No interrupt
        case  2: break;   //Vector  2:  ADC overflow
        case  4: break;   //Vector  4:  ADC timing overflow
        case  6:          //Vector  6:  ADC12IFG0
        {
            cnt = ADC12_A_getResults(ADC12_A_BASE,
                                     ADC12_A_MEMORY_0);
            break;
        }
        case  8: break;   //Vector  8:  ADC12IFG1
        case 10: break;   //Vector 10:  ADC12IFG2
        case 12: break;   //Vector 12:  ADC12IFG3
        case 14: break;   //Vector 14:  ADC12IFG4
        case 16: break;   //Vector 16:  ADC12IFG5
        case 18: break;   //Vector 18:  ADC12IFG6
        case 20: break;   //Vector 20:  ADC12IFG7
        case 22: break;   //Vector 22:  ADC12IFG8
        case 24: break;   //Vector 24:  ADC12IFG9
        case 26: break;   //Vector 26:  ADC12IFG10
        case 28: break;   //Vector 28:  ADC12IFG11
        case 30: break;   //Vector 30:  ADC12IFG12
        case 32: break;   //Vector 32:  ADC12IFG13
        case 34: break;   //Vector 34:  ADC12IFG14
        default: break;
    }
}

void main(void)
{
    unsigned long volts = 0;

    WDT_A_hold(WDT_A_BASE);

    clock_init();
    GPIO_init();
    ADC12_init();

    LCD_init();
    LCD_clear_home();

    LCD_goto(0, 0);
    LCD_putstr("ADC Count:");

    LCD_goto(0, 1);
    LCD_putstr("Volts/mV :");

    while(1)
    {
        volts = ((cnt * 3300) / 4095);
        print_I(11, 0, cnt);
        print_I(11, 1, volts);
        delay_ms(100);
    };
}

void clock_init(void)
{
    PMM_setVCore(PMM_CORE_LEVEL_3);

    GPIO_setAsPeripheralModuleFunctionInputPin(GPIO_PORT_P5,
                                               (GPIO_PIN4 | GPIO_PIN2));

    GPIO_setAsPeripheralModuleFunctionOutputPin(GPIO_PORT_P5,
                                                (GPIO_PIN5 | GPIO_PIN3));

    UCS_setExternalClockSource(XT1_FREQ,
                               XT2_FREQ);

    UCS_turnOnXT2(UCS_XT2_DRIVE_4MHZ_8MHZ);

    UCS_turnOnLFXT1(UCS_XT1_DRIVE_0,
                    UCS_XCAP_3);

    UCS_initClockSignal(UCS_FLLREF,
                        UCS_XT2CLK_SELECT,
                        UCS_CLOCK_DIVIDER_4);

    UCS_initFLLSettle(MCLK_KHZ,
                      MCLK_FLLREF_RATIO);

    UCS_initClockSignal(UCS_SMCLK,
                        UCS_XT2CLK_SELECT,
                        UCS_CLOCK_DIVIDER_2);

    UCS_initClockSignal(UCS_ACLK,
                        UCS_XT1CLK_SELECT,
                        UCS_CLOCK_DIVIDER_1);
}

void GPIO_init(void)
{
    GPIO_setAsOutputPin(GPIO_PORT_P4,
                        GPIO_PIN7);

    GPIO_setAsPeripheralModuleFunctionInputPin(GPIO_PORT_P6,
                                               GPIO_PIN0);
}


void ADC12_init(void)
{
    ADC12_A_configureMemoryParam configureMemoryParam = {0};

    ADC12_A_init(ADC12_A_BASE,
                 ADC12_A_SAMPLEHOLDSOURCE_SC,
                 ADC12_A_CLOCKSOURCE_ACLK,
                 ADC12_A_CLOCKDIVIDER_1);

    ADC12_A_setupSamplingTimer(ADC12_A_BASE,
                               ADC12_A_CYCLEHOLD_768_CYCLES,
                               ADC12_A_CYCLEHOLD_4_CYCLES,
                               ADC12_A_MULTIPLESAMPLESENABLE);

    ADC12_A_setResolution(ADC12_A_BASE,
                          ADC12_A_RESOLUTION_12BIT);

    configureMemoryParam.memoryBufferControlIndex = ADC12_A_MEMORY_0;
    configureMemoryParam.inputSourceSelect = ADC12_A_INPUT_A0;
    configureMemoryParam.positiveRefVoltageSourceSelect = ADC12_A_VREFPOS_AVCC;
    configureMemoryParam.negativeRefVoltageSourceSelect = ADC12_A_VREFNEG_AVSS;
    configureMemoryParam.endOfSequence = ADC12_A_NOTENDOFSEQUENCE;

    ADC12_A_configureMemory(ADC12_A_BASE,
                            &configureMemoryParam);

    ADC12_A_clearInterrupt(ADC12_A_BASE,
                           ADC12IFG0);

    ADC12_A_enableInterrupt(ADC12_A_BASE,
                            ADC12IE0);

    __enable_interrupt();

    ADC12_A_enable(ADC12_A_BASE);

    ADC12_A_startConversion(ADC12_A_BASE,
                            ADC12_A_MEMORY_0,
                            ADC12_A_REPEATED_SINGLECHANNEL);
}

Hardware Setup

Explanation

This example is similar to the last one in many aspects. I won’t be going through all settings. I’ll only highlight the key differences.

This time an external ADC channel is used and so we have to initialize the alternative role of its pin.

GPIO_setAsPeripheralModuleFunctionInputPin(GPIO_PORT_P6, GPIO_PIN0);

In the ADC12 initialization, the external input pin or the ADC channel’s physical pin is set after its GPIO initialization. Unlike the last ADC example in which we used internal 1.5V reference source, the positive reference source for ADC this time is set to AVCC. AVSS is the negative voltage source for both examples. AVCC is same as the system bus voltage, i.e. 3.3V.

configureMemoryParam.inputSourceSelect = ADC12_A_INPUT_A0;
configureMemoryParam.positiveRefVoltageSourceSelect = ADC12_A_VREFPOS_AVCC;
configureMemoryParam.negativeRefVoltageSourceSelect = ADC12_A_VREFNEG_AVSS;

Since we are using interrupt method, relevant interrupt flag is cleared first and then enabled.

ADC12_A_clearInterrupt(ADC12_A_BASE, ADC12IFG0);
ADC12_A_enableInterrupt(ADC12_A_BASE, ADC12IE0);    
__enable_interrupt();

In this case the 0th ADC interrupt flag is used since the channel to be read is the 0th channel of the ADC. Don’t confuse interrupt vector number with interrupt flag number. Interrupt vector number for 0th ADC interrupt flag is 6.

#pragma vector = ADC12_VECTOR
__interrupt void ADC12ISR (void)
{
    switch (__even_in_range(ADC12IV, 34))
    {
        case  0: break;   //Vector  0:  No interrupt
        case  2: break;   //Vector  2:  ADC overflow
        case  4: break;   //Vector  4:  ADC timing overflow
        case  6:          //Vector  6:  ADC12IFG0
        {
            cnt = ADC12_A_getResults(ADC12_A_BASE,
                                     ADC12_A_MEMORY_0);
            break;
        }
        case  8: break;   //Vector  8:  ADC12IFG1
        case 10: break;   //Vector 10:  ADC12IFG2
        case 12: break;   //Vector 12:  ADC12IFG3
        case 14: break;   //Vector 14:  ADC12IFG4
        case 16: break;   //Vector 16:  ADC12IFG5
        case 18: break;   //Vector 18:  ADC12IFG6
        case 20: break;   //Vector 20:  ADC12IFG7
        case 22: break;   //Vector 22:  ADC12IFG8
        case 24: break;   //Vector 24:  ADC12IFG9
        case 26: break;   //Vector 26:  ADC12IFG10
        case 28: break;   //Vector 28:  ADC12IFG11
        case 30: break;   //Vector 30:  ADC12IFG12
        case 32: break;   //Vector 32:  ADC12IFG13
        case 34: break;   //Vector 34:  ADC12IFG14
        default: break;
    }
}

ADC interrupt triggers when a new result is loaded in ADC memory location. Inside the interrupt ADC memory location 0 is read to get the conversion result, i.e. ADC count. When the ADC memory is accessed, its interrupt flag is automatically cleared. 

In the main loop, the ADC count derived from the ADC interrupt is converted to voltage. Both the voltage and ADC count are displayed on an alphanumerical LCD.

volts = ((cnt * 3300) / 4095);
print_I(11, 0, cnt);
print_I(11, 1, volts);
delay_ms(100);

Demo

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